We found some really interesting anniversaries that take place in the month of June and thought we would share them with our readers!
All of these are interesting, but some are downright cool!
250 years ago, in June 1764, Voltaire’s Dictionairre philosophique was published in Geneva.
50 years ago, on 1 June 1964, the US Supreme Court stuck down two laws in the State of Washington requiring loyalty oaths. They also ruled that the NAACP was allowed to operate in Alabama where it was effectively barred since 1956.
150 years ago, on 2 June 1864, war between Russia and the Circassians was declared ended in the village of Kbaada (Krasnaya Polyana). Several hundred thousand Circassians were massacred by the Russians over the previous five years of war. Millions more will flee, or be deported by the Russians to Turkey.
50 years ago, on 2 June 1964, the city council of Oklahoma City barred racial discrimination in public accommodations, the first such law in Oklahoma.
150 years ago, on 3 June 1864, Federal troops attacked Confederate positions at Cold Harbor, 15 km northeast of Richmond, losing 7,000 people in 30 minutes. They were repulsed.
50 years ago, on 3 June 1964, when 10,000 anti-government demonstrators surrounded the presidential mansion in Seoul, President Park Chung Hee declared martial law.
John Cage (51), David Tudor, Robert Rauschenberg, and the Merce Cunningham Dance Company depart from Kennedy Airport in New York for Paris and their first full foreign tour.
200 years ago, on 4 June 1814, King Louis XVIII issued the Constitutional Charter claiming hereditary right to the throne of France with a permanent bicameral parliament.
100 years ago, on 4 June 1914, Oceanides, a tone poem by Jean Sibelius (48), was performed for the first time, in Norfolk, Connecticut, the composer conducting. It was a great success.
250 years ago, on 5 June 1764, Wolfgang (8) and Nannerl Mozart appeared before the English public for the first time in the Spring Garden Rooms, London in a benefit for themselves, before an audience including many aristocrats. It was very successful. Leopold (44) reports that they made “100 guineas in three hours.”
50 years ago, on 5 June 1964, the South Korean government closed all colleges and universities in the country. They were the center of unrest against the authorities.
200 years ago, on 6 June 1814, the Duchy of Guastalla was returned to sovereignty by the Allies under Duchess Maria Luigia (former Empress Marie Louise of France).
50 years ago, on 8 June 1964, the Brazilian government suspended the political rights of 39 of its opponents, including nine state legislators. This brought the total to 225 since 1 April. Among those stripped of their rights this day was ex-President Juscelino Kubitschek, who was removed from the Senate.
50 years ago, on 8 June 1964, Louisiana State University admited its first black student.
50 years ago, on 9 June 1964, US planes bombed Pathet Lao positions in Laos in retaliation for the shooting down of two US planes.
Lal Bahadur Shastri replaces Gulzarilal Nanda as Prime Minister of India.
50 years ago, on 9 June 1964, the UN Security Council voted 7-0-4 to call on South Africa to stop trials and executions of those opposed to apartheid.
150 years ago, on 11 June 1864, Richard Georg Strauss was born in Munich, eldest of two children of Franz Joseph Strauss, principal horn player of the Munich Court Orchestra, and his second wife, Josephine Pschorr, daughter of a brewer. The birth took place in an apartment in the back of the Pschorr brewery.
50 years ago, on 11 June 1964, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King and 17 others are arrested in St. Augustine, Florida when they refused to leave a motor lodge restaurant after being denied service.
200 years ago, on 12 June 1814, Emperor Franz I of Austria was proclaimed King of Lombardy, which he annexed.
150 years ago, on 12 June 1864, Maximilian, brother of the Emperor Franz-Joseph, Archduke of Austria arrived in Mexico City and took up the title of Emperor of Mexico. He was placed there by French forces on orders of Emperor Napoléon III.
50 years ago, on 12 June 1964, Nelson Mandela and seven other opponents of apartheid were sentenced to life imprisonment in Pretoria.
50 years ago, on 12 June 1964, the USSR signed a 20-year treaty of friendship with East Germany in Moscow. It recognized East Germany and the inviolability of its borders but iterated the Soviet Union’s obligations under the Potsdam Treaty of 1945.
50 years ago, on 12 June 1964, 60 people were arrested at segregated restaurants in St. Augustine, Florida.
50 years ago, on 12 June 1964, Benjamin Britten’s (50) stage work Curlew River op.71, to words of Plomer after Motomasa, was performed for the first time, at Orford Church conducted by the composer. This day also saw the premiere of Britten’s Nocturnal after Dowland op.70 for guitar, in Jubilee Hall, Aldeburgh.
100 years ago, on 13 June 1914, Greece annexed Chios and Mytilene.
50 years ago, on 14 June 1964, Plus/Minus no.14 for unspecified instrumentation by Karlheinz Stockhausen (35) was performed for the first time, in Rome. The premiere was played on two pianos by Cornelius Cardew (28) and Frederic Rzewski (26).
200 years ago, on 15 June 1814, a royalist army destroyed the rebels at La Puerta, southwest of Caracas. Surviving rebels retreated to the city.
100 years ago, on 15 June 1914, Dubliners, a collection of short stories by James Joyce, was published in London.
200 years ago, on 16 June 1814, Emperor Franz I returned to Vienna amidst joyful festivities and a public holiday.
50 years ago, on 16 June 1964, masked white men attacked a meeting of the board of Mount Zion Methodist Church 20 km east of Philadelphia, Mississippi. They then set the church on fire. At the same time, a Roman Catholic church hall in Hattiesburg, Mississippi was destroyed by fire.
200 years ago, on 17 June 1814, the Principality of Monaco was restored by the Allies, protected by France.
150 years ago, on 18 June 1864, Union troops gave up their frontal assault on Petersburg, Virginia. Over the previous four days, 1,688 people were killed, 8,513 wounded and 1,185 were missing. A long siege began.
50 years ago, on 18 June 1964, 41 people were arrested at a motor lodge in St. Augustine, Florida after some were removed from the restaurant and others dove into the pool. Among those arrested were 17 members of the Central Conference of American Rabbis.
150 years ago, on 19 June 1864, USS Kearsarge defeated the Confederate raider Alabama off Cherbourg. Alabama surrendered and subsequently sank.
50 years ago, on 19 June 1964, Congolese rebels captured Albertville, the capital of North Katanga Province.
250 years ago, on 21 June 1764, the Quebec Gazette was founded by William Brown. (Presently the Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph, it claims to be the oldest continuous newspaper in North America)
50 years ago, on 21 June 1964, three young civil rights workers disappeared after they were released from jail in Philadelphia, Mississippi.
50 years ago, on 22 June 1964, the US made a formal announcement about southeast Asia. “There can be little doubt in the minds of the Communist leaders…that we are prepared to help the Vietnamese repel Communist aggression.”
50 years ago, on 25 June 1964, Andy Warhol filmed the Empire State Building.
100 years ago, on 26 June 1914, Dr. Joseph Goldberger published in Public Health Reports his theory, based on human experimentation, that pellagra is caused by improper diet. The medical profession failed to take him seriously.
50 years ago, on 26 June 1964, Moise Tshombe, former President of Katanga Province, returned from European exile to the Congo.
200 years ago, on 27 June 1814, Johann Friedrich Reichardt died of a stomach ailment in Giebichenstein, near Halle, aged 61 years, seven months and two days, his work largely forgotten.
150 years ago, on 27 June 1864, Confederate defenders of Atlanta defeated attacking Federals at Kenesaw Mountain, 30 km northwest of the city leaving 2,500 total casualties.
100 years ago, on 28 June 1914, in Sarajevo to celebrate the Serb holiday, St. Vitus’ Day, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife Duchess Sophie of Hohenberg, were shot to death by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb. Earlier in the day, some of Princip’s confederates tossed a bomb at the Archduke’s car. It bounced off the back and rolled under the following car, wounding two officers and about 20 onlookers.
100 years ago, on 28 June 1914, German physicist Werner Kolhörster sent an instrument balloon 9,000 meters aloft and confirmed the theory of Victor Hess that the atmosphere is full of cosmic rays.
100 years ago, on 29 June 1914, Moslems and Croats rioted in Sarajevo attacking Serb homes, businesses, and institutions. One person was killed, 50 injured. Anti-Serb riots occurred throughout Bosnia.
100 years ago, on 30 June 1914, anti-Serb riots began in Vienna.
50 years ago, on 30 June 1964, on the fourth anniversary of independence, the last UN troops (Nigeria/Canada) left the Democratic Republic of the Congo.